Last Updated on January 3, 2022 by asoulwindow
What are Aihole Inscriptions
Aihole inscriptions or Aihole inscription of Pulakesin ii are the old written text on mostly rocks and copper plates. Also called as Prashasti or abhilekh, these early medieval inscriptions give us a good insight to the early Hindu rulers of South India and North India.
The famous Aihole inscription was issued by the great Chalukyan emperor King Pulkeshin II. It is thus also known as Aihole inscription of Pulakesin ii. It is found in the hill top Meguti Jain Temple of Aihole. Meguti temple is the top place to see in Aihole. These inscriptions also educate us about the history of Mahabharat and the Chalukyan Kings.
The Aihole 500 mentioned in the inscriptions probably indicates towards a guild responsible for building these old temples. Aihole inscriptions are also known as Aihole abhilekh or Prashasti.
The inscriptions found in Aihole, Pattadakal and Badami (especially at Mahakuta temples) educate us about the history, culture, literature (mention of poet Kalidas), history of Mahabharat, about Chalukya rulers, their family and their several political wins.
Questions on Aihole inscriptions are also often asked in the UPSC exams for IAS, IFS, PCS. This comprehensive travel guide on historic destination of Aihole will answer all your queries on this temple village of Karnataka.
The offbeat Aihole is an easy weekend getaway from Bangalore. There are many lesser-known facts about Aihole which one can appreciate only when you pay a visit to this medieval temple town. This detailed travel guide on Aihole still gives you the best of information.
What do you mean by Prashasti?
Prashasti is nothing but other name for Aihole inscriptions. So, what were Prashastis? Well, Prashastis were composed by Hindu poets in praise of the Kings and rulers they served. Most of these Prashastis are found to be from 6th century C.E. onwards.The Prashastis ofAihole are some of the most valued inscriptions ever discovered by historians and archaeologists.
The medieval rulers of South India were visionary and left many inscriptions in places such as Lepakshi temple in Andhra Pradesh etc which gave us an easy access to the historical records and their lives and times. Many early medieval inscriptions have been found in and around the golden circuit of Aihole, Pattadakala and Badami as well.
These are some of the best points of attractions in Karnataka. Prashasti is also known as Aihole abhilekh or inscriptionsof Aihole.
Who is Ravikriti?
Who composed the Aihole inscription? Ravikriti is the author of Badami Chalukya inscription. Ravikriti was the famous poet who served in the court of King Pulkeshin II. Ravikriti has been credited with composition of Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II, also known as the Meguti Temple Inscription. In his eulogy for Pulakesin II, Ravikriti sings paeans in the glory of his patron King.
Isn’t it incredible that the poetic verses also known as inscriptions or Shilalekh of Ravikirti, can still be read by tourists in Aihole.
From the grammatical perfection, purity of Sanskrit in the inscriptions and polished language of Ravikriti, we can now conclude that Ravikriti was one of the best and highly ranked prashasti writers and court poets of his times in the Chalukya era.
Luckily, the poetic flourish of Ravikriti has survived the test of time and barbaric attacks by uneducated Islamic plunderers and invaders. All Indians and Hindus must visit the scenic hill top Meguti temple of Aihole to appreciate the work of historical Hindu poets such as Kabir Das, Kalidas, Bharavi and Ravikriti. Do you know anything more about Ravikriti? Tell me in the comment section!
Also read: Which Muslim invader destroyed the Martand temple in Srinagar?
Soul Window Thoughts
As I circled around the Meguti temple, perched on a hilltop, a passing thought made me ruminate. Ravikirti, the court poet of the famous Chalukyan King, Pulakesin II will always be remembered in the annals of history, thanks to the well preserved Aihole inscription.
I am not sure how many people will even remember my travel blog A Soul Window after I am gone. Not that I am comparing myself with Ravikriti, eh! At present, not only my travel blog A Soul Window has been listed as Top Travel Blog of India multiple times but it has also been ranked as No.1 travel blog of India.
When was Aihole inscription written?
This eulogy which takes 19 lines to write, dates back to 634-635 C.E. or as written in the Aihole inscription: Saka Samvat 556 (Hindu lunar calendar). It clearly mentions that the Meguti temple was built 3735 years after the Bharata war or battle of Kurukshetra of Mahabharat. This is why we clearly know the date when Aihole inscription were written and Meguti temple was built.
The age of prashasti is what makes it a major tourist attraction in Aihole.
Aihole inscription written in which language
TheAiholeinscription which is written by Chalukyan minister and poet Ravikirti is also referred to as Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II. The inscriptions, written in old Kannada Chalukyan script and Sanskrit language is an impressive and long text. The court poet Ravikriti wrote these abhilekh or Aihole prashasti in pure Sanskrit language.
Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages of the world. What also makes the inscriptions so significant is the fact that it is one of the finest pieces of extant poetry available from the past.
Soul Window Observations
It is not so popular but during my visit to Mattur, I realised that many people from India and even Germany in Europe live here temporarily and learn Sanskrit in Mattur. Do read my detailed blog on Mattur, the Sanskrit village of India.
It is one of the best offbeat places to visit in India. Mattur is located just half an hour away from Shivamogga aka Shimoga. I had clubbed my Mattur trip with trip to the world-famous Jog Falls, medieval temples of Ikkeri and Keladi.
Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II or Meguti Temple Inscription
Archaeologists have found several medieval inscriptions of historical importance in Aihole, Pattadakal and Badami. However, the Aihole inscriptions or the inscription found in Meguti temple in Aihole are the most popular and important one.
Why is Aihole Inscription world famous?
So, what is Aihole inscription about? Aihole inscription is ascribed to the great Chalukya ruler Polakeshi II. There is a valid reason why inscription on Pulakeshin IIor Polakeshi IIis the most famous inscription found in Aihole. There are many reasons why Aihole is worth a visit. The medieval abhilekh found here is one of them.
The Aihole inscriptions, written by Ravikriti elucidates on the victories of Pulakesin II against the Gangas of Mysore, Alupas and Kadambas of Banavasi.
The Aihole inscription also talks about the completion of the Meguti Jain Temple of Aihole. It is a Jain temple and hence the Aihole inscription or abhilekh is a Jain inscription.
The opening lines of the Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II are the typical Jain salutations to Jinendra in verse 1. (Honour to the supreme Jinas or Tirthankaras). The Prashasti continues to elaborates on the generosity and gifts doled out by Polakeshi II.
The inscriptions at Meguti temple throws light on how Pulakeshin I or Polakeshi I achieved the title of Parameshwara, after getting victory over Harshavardhana who was the great king of the lesser known Maukhari dynasty. He ruled from Kannauj, which is located in my home state Uttar Pradesh in North India.
The Meguti inscriptions were composed by the celebrated Jain poet Ravikriti in praise of his patron King Polekesin Satyasraya who was also known as Pulakeshin II.
The good part is that all the 19 lines of Aihole inscriptions have been translated in various languages and are easily accessible to anyone who is not well versed with the Kannada, Telugu or Sanskrit language.
Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II or the Meguti Temple Inscription is often compared with the records of Chinese pilgrim-traveller Hiuen Tsang andold inscriptions discovered in Indian states like Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in Western India and Central India respectively.
Soul Window Facts on Aihole
The Meguti inscription can be easily seen on the eastern outer wall of Meguti Temple. It is very well preserved despite Islamic attacks and exposure to weather.
Though the inscriptions of Meguti temple is well preserved, it is also partly damaged. Not many know that the last two lines of the inscriptions at Meguti temple in Aihole were a later addition.
These last 2 lines were not composed by famous poet Ravikriti as major stylistic difference can be observed here. Thus originally, the inscription had 17 verses and not 19.
The stone slab on which the Sanskrit inscription are made measures a whooping 4.75 feet x 2 feet. Each letters measure 0.5 inch to 0.62 inch in height.
It is also referred to as prashasti for Early Western Chalukyas. One of the most important inscriptions found at Aihole are the Meguti Temple Inscription.
Prashasti on great poets Kalidasa and Bharavi
Inscriptions found in the hill top temple of Aihole called Meguti Temple(from 634 C.E.), boldly mentions the name of famous Hindu poets such as Bharavi and Kalidas. This early medieval inscription is testimony to the immense popularity of these great Hindu poets in 7th century C.E.
Kaildasa has been associated with King Vikramaditya. He could possibly be the great emperor Chandra Gupta (380-415 C.E.) or Skanda Gupta (455-467 C.E.). Both of them were addressed with the title of Vikramaditya and both belonged to the Gupta dynasty of Patliputra, what is now Patna in Bihar.
As per the inscriptions found in Meguti temple of Aihole, the name of Bharavi was mentioned by Durvinita. He was the king of Western Ganga Dynasty of Southern Karnataka. It is ascertained that King Durvinita ruled around 575 C.E.
Mention of Mahabharat in Aihole Abhilekh
There is a lot that Aihole inscription of Meguti Temple tell us about not only the great Chalukya empire of South India but also events of the war of Mahabharat between Kaurav and Pandav brothers.
What is written in Aihole inscription?
Below is the translation of Sanskrit text by Ravikriti in Roman script. This part of Aihole inscriptions mentions Mahabharat:
Aihole inscription on Mahabharat in Devnagri script
त्रिंशत्सु त्रिसहस्रेषु भारतादाहवादितः।
सप्ताब्दशतयुक्तेषु गतेष्वब्दषु पंचसु ॥
पंचाशत्सु कलौ काले षट्सु पंच शतेषु च ।
समासु समतीतासु शकानामपि भूभुजाम् ॥
Aihole inscription on Mahabharat in Roman script
Trinshatsu Trisahasreshu Bhaaratdahavaditaha ।
Saptabda Shatayukteshu Gateswabdeshu Panchasu ॥
Panchashatasu Kalaukale Shatasu Panchashatsu Cha ।
Samatsu Samatitasu Shakaanamapi Bhoobhujaam ॥
As per the above-mentioned rare inscription,
“3735 years have passed after the end of the great war of Mahabharat. 556 years since the Saka era is underway at the time of engraving the inscription.”
This is a major find as it gives a date to actual events that unfolded in the historical Mahābhārata. The mention of the pre historic Mahabharat war is done in the verse 33-34. It is referred to as the Bharata war.
This is a very important inscription as it gives a date to the historical events of Mahabharat. The inscription implies that as per the modern calendar, the Kurukshetra war of Mahabharat took place around 3101-3102 B.C.E. Saka era stands for Salivahan Saka. Another Indian lunar calendar Vikram Saka or Vikram Shak Samvat became popular around the same time across India. Shak Samvata began in the Gregorian 78 C.E.
Soul Window thoughts!
I avoid using A.D. which means Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi, the literal meaning of which is: in the year of our Lord in the Latin language. The simpler full form of A.D. is Anno Domini. I find A.D. as religious as western. So, to avoid the religious connotations and celebrate diversity (and not just Christianity and western culture), I prefer the more acceptable C.E. and B.C.E.
C.E. means current era while B.C.E. means before current era. I hope many Indians, Asians, South Americans, Africans start using C.E. and B.C.E. instead of an outdated A.D. After all, C.E. and B.C.E. are more acceptable for dating historical sites and events.
Alternate view on Mahabharat reference
Though the mys tery of Aihole inscription or prashasti has been largely solved, there are still alternate views. Many believe that the secrets of Aihole abhilekh has still not been completely understood or interpreted. This hidden gem of a place is indeed intriguing.
Some people also claim that the above-mentioned dates in inscription of Meguti temple indicate the start of Kaliyug and not Mahabharat war. Many have different interpretations of Aihole inscription. Kaliyug is considered to be the sheet anchor of Hindu history. You can read about Hindu history timeline on many Hindutva centric websites online.
Soul Window Fun Facts
Did you know about these amazing facts about Mahabharat – the greatest literature of the world?
- Mahabharat has 1,00,00 stanzas
- Mahabharat is 8 times as long as Iliad and Odyssey combined.
- Mahabharat is 15 times longer than Bible, the holy book of Christians.
- Mahabharat has multiple characters that comprise of dev (God), asuras (demons), demigods and humans.
- Mahabharat is also referred to as “The Great History of the Human Race” Or “Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty”.
- Mahabharat examines the concept of Dharma and establishes codes of conduct via Shrimadbhagwat Geeta, as told to Arjun ji by Shri Krishna.
- Only the 5 Pandava brothers and Shri Krishna survived the battle of Kurukshetra. Out of all the brothers only Yudhishthira, the eldest son made it to the gates of heaven.
Yes, it is time Hindus replace Bible with Mahabharat when forming sentences such as “He is a walking talking Bible on Indic studies”
How about: “He is a walking talking Mahabharat on Vedic studies” Sounds odd, I am sure, but the first person who used Bible as an adjective must have also sounded lunatic. Just saying!
Reference of curse of Gandhari in Aihole Prashasti
During the Mahabharat war, there was a time when Gandhari was badly grief stricken and furious. Enraged, she cursed Shri Krishna aka Govind. Gandhari’s curse has been mentioned in Shlokas 43,44 and 45 of the 25th chapter of the Stri Parva of the Hindu epic Mahabharat.
“O Govind, since you have ignored the Kaurava and Pandava brothers baying for each other’s blood, you will also be the reason for the destruction of your own subjects.
36 years from now, your sons, brothers and nobles will also destroy each other. You will meet a sudden unceremonious death while wandering in the jungles.”
As per the Shlokas 21 of the 2nd chapter, Shri Krishna observes the situation at the start of the 36th year after the war of Kurukshetra. This is explained in the Mausala Parv of Mahabharat.
“Putrashokabhi Santapta Gandhari Hatbandhava ।
Yadnuvyajahararta tadid samupagtam ॥“
The Shloka can be translated as below
The time to realise the cure of Gandhari is here. How she was traumatised and afflicted with sorrow on seeing the destruction of her people.
Anticipating destruction due to the curse of Gandhari, Shri Krishna, or how the clueless West calls him, Lord Krishna told the Yadavas to relocate to Prabhasha Tirtha. They got drunk, had a fight and destroyed each other, thereby fulfilling the curse of Gandhari.
Coming back to Chalukyan court poet Ravikriti also sometimes known as Ravikeerthi, he mentions 30 instead of 36 in the inscriptions.
Soul Window Observations
During my visit to Aihole, I was afraid that there was no guard around the Aihole inscription. Anyone can easily damage the precious relic from the past. Yes, there are many free things to do in Aihole but that needs to change. Archaeological Survey of India must take charge.
I saw that there was no security guard or entrance ticket at many temples of Aihole including the important Ravalphadi cave temple. In fact, many locals were just loitering around in many temples as if it is a hangout zone.
Anyone could just walk in and out of the temple. ASI and government must appoint a security guard at Meguti temple. This is why UNESCO world heritage tag always helps. The world class Indian temple architecture deserves all the accolades and protection. The architecture of even the ordinary Hindu temples is some of the best in the world.
It is a shame that the jaw dropping temples of Aihole have still not been awarded a UNECSO World Heritage Site while an ordinary monument like Humayun Ka Maqbara in New Delhi has one!
Inscription of King Mangalesha: Prashasti on Raghuvamsha by Kalidas
It is interesting to note that there is a mention of a line from Raghuvamsha which was a drama written by the great Hindu poet Kalidasa. In the prashasti, the poet patron Ravikriti praises king Pulakesin II and poets Kalidasa.
Ravikriti deftly builds on the existing verses of Raghuvaṃśa by Kalidasa and the Kirātārjunīya by Bharavi. These are some great works on Vishnu Bhagwan (Avatar of Ram ji) and Shiv Bhagwan respectively. Thankfully Ravikriti has given the credit to original poets Kalidas and Bharavi indirectly.
The inscription of King Mangaleshais as below:
“Yatha vidhi huta agninam yatha kama arcita arthinam.”
The literal meaning of the above inscription of King Mangalesha is:
Just as Shri Ram, from the Raghuvamsha (Raghuvanshi) family, performed yagya or fire ceremonies as per Vedic injunctions and satisfies the desires of the needy, so also King Mangalesha gained merit by performing such deeds.
This old inscription of historical importance can be seen carved on a pillar which is housed in the museum of Gol Gumbaz complex in Vijayapura or Bijapur. It was originally located in the temple of Mahakuta which is located 8 kilometres from Badami.
Script of Aihole Inscription
The Badami Chalukya inscriptions are written in the old Telagu-Kannada script. In those days, script of both Kannada and Telagu used to be same, unlike today. After 12th and 13th century C.E. onwards, the scripts evolved and showed marked difference from each other.
The Meguti Temple inscription was written in the old Kannada Chalukyan script.
Translation of Aihole Inscription
The Aihole inscriptions, though written originally in Sanskrit in the old Kannada script have been translated to many languages now. Below are some of the main historical facts mentioned in the Aihole inscriptions aka prashasti or Aihole abhilekh.
- Detailed descriptions about the Chalukyan family.
- Mangala, the main deity of Meguti temple is referred to as Jinendra.
- Birth of King Satyasraya in Chalukya family
- Birth of King Jayasimha Vallabha in Chalukya family
- Mention of Rranaraga, his son
- Mention of Pulakesin, who was his son and went on to become a powerful king and made Vatapi, the capital of his kingdom.
- Mention of his son Kirtivarman, who gained victory over Kadambas, Nalas and Mauryas.
- Mangalesha, his younger brother achieved victory over the famous Kalachuris and controlled the little-known island called as Revatidvipa.
Translation of Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II
This part elucidates on the life and times of the powerful Chalukyan King Pulakesin II. He is also one of the most famous kings of all the medieval Hindu emperors. Let us see what the Aihole Prashasti say about Pulakesin II:
- He kept an eye on Harshavardhana.
- He did subjugation of Kunala island.
- Pallavas of Kanchi also lost the war to him.
- He gained control of the fortress of Pistapura.
- Gangas and Alupas were also defeated by Pulakesin II.
- His subjugation of Kosalas and Kalingas is also famous.
- He was victorious in a battle with Mauryas in Konkan too.
- Pulakeshin II successfully besieged the Mauryan capital Puri.
- He captured Vanavasi, which is surrounded by the Varada river.
- Ravikriti, the name of the author of prashasti is also mentioned.
- He destroyed the power of Cholas near Pandyas. Pallavas were on his side.
- Ravikriti is considered as important as the famous poets Kalidasa and Bharavi.
- Regions of Malava, Gurjara and Lata were left with no option but to seek protection under him.
- He gained victory over 3 regions known as Maharashtra. This win also included 99,000 villages.
- His army gained stronghold on the shores of Narmada River in the Vindhya Mountain ranges.
- Temple of Jinendra was constructed by the powerful court poet Ravikriti in the year 556 of the Saka era.
- Appayika was defeated by Pulakesin II. He further convinced Govinda to take side with him when they attacked the country around Bhaimarathi.
- Mention of the Bharat war or the war of Kurukshetra in the Mahabharat era is also done. It is written by Ravikriti that Satyasraya, better known as Pulakesin II, ruled Vatapi 3735 years after Bharat war happened.
Soul Window Facts
Have you heard of the famous painting of Chalukyan ruler Pulakesi 2 in Ajanta caves in what is now Maharashtra in West India? From their costumes, we know that the people depicted in the court scenes of Pulakesin II were Persians.
Dates on Inscription
Luckily, we have dates clearly mentioned in many inscriptions which helped us to delve deeper into Chalukya history and ascertain the date of construction of temples with accuracy and precision.
Even the days of the weeks have been mentioned by the visionary rulers in two inscriptions.
The inscriptions left behind the powerful Chalukyan King Pulakeshin II are world famous. His name is also spelt as Polakeshi II. On a copper plate inscription found in Kopparam in Narasaraopet Taluk of Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh, the day of Brihaspativara or Thursday has been clearly mentioned.
It is the earliest recorded mention of a day, by its name across the region of South India. This inscription of Pulakeshin II dates back to 631 C.E.
What’s more? Another inscription made on a copper plate from Soraba in Shivamogga aka Shimoga district in Karnataka mentions Shanaishchara vara or Shanivar or Saturday. This inscription which dates back to 692 C.E. is credited to Hindu King Vinayaditya. It is the earliest recorded mention of the day of a week in what we now know as Karnataka.
In fact, the Badami Chalukyas were one of the first ones who clearly mentioned dates in their monuments in the Shaka era in Karnataka. The first inscription in Aihole has been noticed on a rock near the archaeological museum of Badami. I observed the same during my visit to Badami on the same trip. The date mentioned here is Shaka 465 or 543 C.E. This inscription is located on a rock in the north east direction of Badami Museum.
Another note-worthy inscription found in Badami is that by the King Narasimhavarman from the Pallava dynasty of what is now Tamilnadu. He had gained control of Badami in a battle which killed the powerful Pulakeshin II aka Polakeshi II of Badami (610-642 C.E.).
King Narasimhavarman, in order to commemorate his victory over Badami in 642 C.E. left behind an inscription on a rock in the unique Pallava Grantha script. This script, which is now covered by a mantapa is located near the museum.
Enraged, Vikramaditya II (733-744 C.E.) gained control of Kanchipuram in the year 738 C.E. To commemorate his victory, he left behind an inscription in the Kannada script in the famous Kailasanatha temple of Kanchipuram. This inscription can be seen on a pillar of the mandapa of Kailasanatha temple.
Where to stay in Aihole
Do not expect fancy hotel and luxury properties in Aihole. You will get better rooms in Badami. That said, it is possible to find decent hotels in Aihole.
Best Time to visit Aihole?
Winter: I visited Aihole on 28th September. I visited in mid-afternoon. The weather was pleasant but I was tired of all the walking.
September to February is a good time to visit Aihole. This is when the weather and temperature of Aihole is pleasant.
Summer: Avoid hot moths of April, May and June. These are very hot months in Aihole.
Monsoon: Monsoon months like July and August can also be considered for a trip to Aihole. The rains are sporadic and its totally possible to enjoy sightseeing of Aihole during rains. The weather of Aihole also turns pleasant in Aihole in rainy season.
How to reach Aihole?
Aihole is located in the Hungund taluka of Bagalkot district in Uttar Karnataka aka North Karnataka. It is fairly easy to reach Aihole.
Bus: I had taken a bus from Pattadakal in late morning. It was a short and cheap ride. You can also take buses from Bangalore.
Car: Many people I know also hire a car and either also hire a driver or self-drive across Pattadakal, Aihole, Badami, Hampi, Belur, Halebidu, Shravanbelagola etc.
Train: The nearest railway junction from Aihole is at Badami. I had taken a sleeper class train to Badami from Bangalore. As a solo budget backpacker, it was very economical, easy and convenient for me.
Air: The nearest airport from Aihole is located in Hubli. Another nearby airport is located at Belgaum.
Soul Window Travel Tips on Aihole
It is a good idea to explore the temple ruins of Aihole with a local tourist guide. A local guide can help you understand not only the inscriptions of Meguti temple but also the other shrines scattered around Aihole.
What is the historical importance of the Aihole inscription?
What makes Aihole inscriptions significant and historically important is that it is an excellent written record in a nation like India where much of historical facts were traditionally passed on to next generation in oral tradition.
The historical importance of the Aihole inscription is that it gives us a deep insight on the glorious Deccan and Hindu history that flourished in the 6th and 7th century C.E. in Karnataka, South India. The Aihole inscriptions also educated us about the language and literature prevalent in 7th century Karnataka.
Conclusion: Why study Aihole inscription?
The world famous Aihole inscription is the number one reason apart from the world famous Durga temple, Ravalphadi cave temple and Lad Khan temple for visiting the historical village of Aihole.
The famous Aihole inscription which was issued by powerful Chalukyan King Pulakesin ii, has attracted tourists, archaeologists and historians alike. Aihole inscription of Pulakesin ii is indeed one of the best reasons why you should visit the temple town of Aihole.
Prashasti or the ihole inscription is not only a major attraction of Aihole but has survived the test of times and several Islamic and European invasions. Hindus are indebted to their ancestors for creating these masterpieces, which gives the current generation a glimpse of glorious Hindu history.
The Prashasti of Aihole is not just mere eulogistic account of the great Chalukya family but also a window to the rich Hindu past of India, much of which was destroyed by Islamic invaders and barbarians in new nations such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh etc. It is time Hindus appreciate and value their collective history or be prepared to be a part of a museum. Much like how ancient Egyptian are now!
Aihole inscriptions not only provide details of the historical events of Mahabharat but also throw light on the lives of the great Chalukyan Kings in 6 and 7th century C.E. This is why a visit to Aihole, Badami cave temples and Pattadakal is a must! Any Hindu temple of these places is a world class destination.
Related Blogs on Karnataka
I have written a very detailed blog on Aihole, Pattadakal and Badami. You must click to read all the blogs so that you can easily connect the dots and appreciated Hindu history, culture and wildlife!
Pls check below related blogs
- Durga Temple of Aihole
- Complete Guide to Aihole
- Complete Guide to Pattadakal
- Complete Guide to Badami
You can also check my comprehensive and information packed travel guide blogs on nearby destinations of Karnataka such as
- Jog falls
- Gokarna Beach Trail
- Murudeshwar Mandir
- Story of the Atmalinga
- Snake trail in Agumbe
- Kumara Parvatha Trek
- Hindu temples of Gokarna
- Mattur – the Sanskrit village
- Java Rain Resort Chikmagalur
- Rameshwara temple at Keladi
- Aghoreshvara temple at Ikkeri
- Chennakeshava Temple of Belur
- Hoysaleshwara Temple of Halebeedu aka Dwarasamudra
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